IoT 2.0TM - Edge Computing Powering
Autonomy and Smart Cities
May 13, 2021

Paul Bullock
The Fourth Internet will have 1T connected things.
Industry 4.0 - the Fourth Industrial Revolution - is predicated on the proliferation of the Internet of Things (IoT), which is putting machines and devices capable of infinite scalability and efficiency in the place of human intervention and redefining event driven software. Computing in the era of IoT is moving out of the realm of the abstract – spreadsheets, mobile apps, websites and software-as-a-service (SaaS) platforms – and into the real world to power augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) empower decision-making via artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), operate cars, autonomous drones and increase public safety. Compute is being developed to increase performance and at the same time reduce the e-waste of industrial machinery. However, there are challenges to conquer to successfully operate in Internet 4.0 including latency, sustainability, security, and reliability.

IoT in its first iteration has not met its anticipated financial returns as quickly as was hoped. IoT 1.0 is characterized by point solutions, complexity and a fragmented vendor ecosystem. Everybody is reinventing the same wheels. This is IoT 1.0. EDJX is changing IoT 1.0 in partnership with the Autonomy Institute. The vehicle for this change is the Public Infrastructure Network Node (PINN).

"History doesn't repeat itself, but it often rhymes." - Mark Twain
The rhyming of history we hear today is between today's IoT and the client-server world of computing of the 1980s. In client-server, every LAN was an island, scale was difficult to achieve and commonality of implementation was impossible. Businesses just had to hope they had a decent IT department to help get the most out of their computing investment. These challenges should resonate with anyone implementing IoT solutions today.

The shift from LANs to Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and then Cloud led to a jump in ROI on computing spend because of economies of scale, common platforms and dramatic reduction in in-house maintenance. The green shoots of this pattern are emerging in IoT. As these capabilities emerge, we'll arrive at IoT 2.0TM.

IoT is almost by definition at The Edge. Sensors, actuators, programmable logic controllers (PLC), radar, lidar, cameras and mobile devices each contribute data for analysis and action. Compute power needs to be as close as possible to the people and things generating the data to a) act on it in a timely manner (milliseconds count) and b) to save cost on data backhaul and needless storage. Neither the technologies nor business models of today's hyperscale cloud providers are designed for this.

The EDJX Vision
EDJX's vision is an OS for the Edge, a common platform designed to deliver compute where it needs to be, automatically. EDJX EdjOS is an Operating System designed to accommodate the imperatives of IoT. It provides distributed computing through its Peer-to-Peer (P2P) protocol. It's designed for low latency, serverless deployments. Perhaps most importantly, it allows for multi-tenancy on edge compute nodes, which collapses cost and expands the perimeter of the edge economy.

The EDJX EdjNet by design allows many applications from many app providers to be present at the same node. The EDJX patented peer-to-peer (P2P) networking protocol and content addressing schema "gossips" objects, functions and apps from one node to the next based on user demand. That means app distribution and app consumption is simplified and happens on shared infrastructure elements, just like hyper scale clouds. For reference see Stacey on IoT's article on EDJX, "Everything's distributed: How EDJX is rethinking computing,"

This means that developers write once and EDJX EdjOSTM makes functions available anywhere in the network. It means that web content delivery is now truly peer-to- peer, allowing a dramatic cost reduction in CDN services. It means that everyone from data center owners to other providers of smaller footprint real estate can generate revenue from the edge economy.
PINN Deployments
PINNs will become the critical infrastructure required to advance intelligent and autonomous solutions for smart cities and city resilience. PINN clusters will be deployed within cities, on highways, across military installations and in rural communities to accelerate the nation's digital infrastructure buildout. The goal is to have tens of thousands of PINNs deployed by mid-2022.

The PINN Pilot Launch will be in five cities, starting in Austin, Texas, a leader in the US for utilizing renewable energy. Each PINN will support CPU, FPGA, GPU, MLU and an array of sensors and cameras to support a multitude of use cases in a multi-tenant architecture. e. Each PINN will have the ability to capture, process and analyze over a petabyte of data/month, providing ample compute for new advanced algorithms and complex AI experimentation.

PINNs are designed to deliver a multitude of advanced edge sensors and computing capabilities. Accelerating the Connected and Autonomous Vehicle (CAV) market is among the first major initiatives. More than 40,000 people die in the US alone in traffic related fatalities annually, with countless more severely injured. The Autonomy Institute is aligned with the aspirations of the Vision Zero Network, committed to eliminating all traffic fatalities and severe injuries, while increasing safety, healthy and equitable mobility for all.

Today, the latency from street level to the public cloud is untenable for real world applications. Future Intelligent Traffic Systems will require unprecedented low-latency, high performance computers and network capacity interconnected close to traffic control, signaling, sensors, cameras and cars.

EDJX has solved the challenges and complexities of trying to develop low latency, high performance, edge apps at planet scale by delivering multi-tenant cloud services at the far edge of any network, where they are needed and precisely when they are needed by the developer ecosystem. The PINN infrastructure, enabled by the EDJX platform, will reduce latency for developer ecosystems by an order of magnitude. This new capability will power the next wave of applications such as predictive analytics, autonomous machines, AR, VR, AI and ML, all of which will feature prominently on the path to Vision Zero.

The PINN initiative expects to be the most extensive digital infrastructure buildout in our nation's history. Digital Infrastructure is the foundation of cities and will drive the world economy for the next 50+ years. It will create millions of new jobs, trillions in economic growth and massive productivity. In the same way that mass transportation and the national highway system were key buildouts for economic growth for the Baby Boomer generation, digital infrastructure and the PINN will be essential for this generation—the entire future of the US economy is digital.

EDJX is driving IoT 2.0TM by creating a platform for multi-tenancy, efficient application and content distribution and ultimately building a true "cloud at the edge". The PINN project is the most recent validation of our approach, there are many more to come.